Gender and Culture

Minoo Moallem | Gender and Women's Studies & Media Studies | Wiley Blackwell Encyclopedia of Sociology 2nd Edition, 2019

Culture and gender are perhaps some of the most critical constituents of our age of globalization and transnationalism, involving power, knowledge, and the body. Gender, as the social construction of difference based on the attribution of masculinity and femininity to bodies, is an important component of culture in our contemporary societies. Both culture and gender are not ahistorical concepts but are produced historically. Reference to culture as a concept has gone through historical changes since the eighteenth century in English. In particular, since colonial modernity, both culture or cultures in plural and gender have gone through major transformations.