Where Violence and Discipline Intersect: School Discipline Policies, Prisons, Race & Gender
Within the past few decades, there has been growing attention towards the relationship between schools and prisons. School discipline scholars contend that contemporary school discipline policies and mechanisms resemble and reflect the infrastructure, pedagogical practices, and philosophies of the penal institution (Saltman & Gabbard 2003; Schnyder 2010). Such policies and practices demonstrate an intersectional relationship between schools and prisons (Meiners, 2010).
Although boys and girls of color are both disproportionately represented in school discipline data, most literature has focused on the impacts that school discipline policies have had on the lives of males of color (Rios, 2010). Research on the relationship among punishment, discipline policies and masculinity has been useful in helping us to understand the ways that discipline practices police and punish particular masculinities. However, little is known about the effects that these discipline policies have on young females of color, including the intersectional forms of violence that these girls experience inside and outside of school (Richie, 2012; Roberts, 2012). This project seeks to fill in this gap in school discipline literature by exploring the connections between school discipline, racial and gendered violence.