Desiree Valadares

Race, Rights, and Reparations: The Material Culture of World War II Confinement Camps in Canada and the United States

This study focuses on the aftermath of wartime civilian internment and exposes unexplored linkages between redress movements in British Columbia, Alaska and Hawaiʻi to demonstrate critical distinctions in the wartime and post-World War II experiences in Canada and the United States. I focus on Western Canada and the Western States’ architectural legacy of extant World War II prison camps through three empirical case studies: (1) Tashme Internment Camp in West Kootenay, British Columbia; (2) Funter Bay near Juneau, Southeast Alaska and; (3) Honouliuli National Monument in Oʻahu, Hawaiʻi and offer a historical genealogy of transnational grassroots alliances and coalitions forged among geographically disparate groups confined outside the boundaries of legal and civil rights. In studying these parallel social movements, I aim to underscore how former incarcerees adopt transnational spatial and rhetorical techniques to demand legal redress and symbolic, collective reparations from the Canadian and the United States’ government.