Eiman Kazi

Understanding Barriers to Colorectal Cancer Screening in Female Pakistani Americans

Colorectal cancer is currently the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths among men and women in the United States. This statistic is of even more concern within the South Asian population, as colorectal cancer screening within this demographic was reported to be lower at 41% compared to 47% in Asian Americans overall, 59.8% in non-Hispanic Whites, and 55% in African-Americans (Thompson et al. 2210). Since colorectal cancer screening is low among Asian Americans, including South Asians, this is indicates that there are health disparities in South Asian sub-populations. Little research has been done among South Asian Americans, specifically Pakistani Female Americans. This study will seek to gather this information from female community members in the Pakistani population. An aim of the study is to conduct two female focus groups, with around 8-10 participants in each group, to analyze their perspectives and attitude about cancer, the unique barriers to colorectal cancer screening in South Asians as well as assess which strategies community members suggest to promote colorectal cancer screening within the Pakistani population.

The focus groups for the project is a two hour discussion, where a trained UCB moderator will ask questions probing the cultural, religious, language barriers as well as gender issues that may contribute to low screening rates in Pakistani Women. The 8-10 participants for each focus group will be recruited through community/religious organizations in the South Bay area such as San Ramon Islamic Center and Muslim Community Association in Santa Clara.