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Enabling Critical Thought and Inquiry
The Armed Conflict Resolution and People’s Rights Project, instituted in April 2012 at the Center for Social Sector Leadership, Haas School of Business, was precursor to the Political Conflict, Gender and People’s Rights Research Initiative. After completion of its first and successful phase, the project moved to the Center for Race and Gender (CRG) in January 2016, to further enabl interdisciplinary commitments in the next phase of its work. A pioneering, interdisciplinary research center, CRG houses research initiatives and working groups concerned with race and gender (as well as coloniality and other relations of power), allowing them to develop freely and flourish.
Temporal and spatial, landscapes of political and foundational violence contour capillaries and relations of power that are prohibitive and productive, constituting and circumscribing forms of knowledge, subjectivity and governance. In the (post)colony in South Asia, apparatuses of majoritarian, (trans)nationalist, and religionized violence and militarization assist in the securitization of nation (toward assimilation, elimination, and annihilation). Across conflict zones and spaces of mass violence, violent death and the threat of death, torture, maiming, disappearances, and dispossession function to routinize states of emergency, siege and exception. Conflict-based and upheaval-ridden political economies witness the dramatic amplification of social inequities under neoliberal, majoritarian states. Violence in conflict and upheaval is disbursed through “extrajudicial” means and those authorized by law and politics. Targeted communities and decolonial movements, too, use violence as response. Death and social death, prevalent across the culturescape and in the social sub-strata, are memorialized via language and iconography.
How are archaeologies of violence illustrative of the gendered, racialized and religionized dynamics of minoritization? How are the conditions and events of violence gendered and sexualized? How do assemblages of racialization and gendering constitute death-bound subjects? How is violence used to sustain and re-work the minoritization of an Other? What critical practices of mourning, memorialization and the sacred emerge in response to a politics of violence that agentizes multiple relations to justice, struggle, difference and accountability?
Students: The Research Initiative provides internship opportunities for exceptional graduate students and select undergraduate students from UC Berkeley and other institutions, and from local communities. The Research Initiative engages age-appropriate youth from affected communities in the work of documenting remembrance, and creating an archive and curated presentations.
ANGANA P. CHATTERJI is Co-chair, Political Conflict, Gender and People’s Rights Research Initiative and Visiting Research Anthropologist at the Center for Race and Gender at University of California, Berkeley (and Founding Co-chair of the precursor, Armed Conflict Resolution and People’s Rights Project at the Center for Social Sector Leadership, Haas School of Business, 2012-2015). A cultural anthropologist, she focuses her scholarly work on issues of political conflict; gender, power and violence; majoritarian nationalism, minoritization and racialization; religion in the public sphere, religious freedom; and reparatory justice and cultural survival. Chatterji’s scholarship bears witness to postcolonial, decolonial conditions of grief, dispossession, and agency.
PAOLA BACCHETTA is a Professor and the Vice Chair of the Department of Gender and Women’s Studies at University of California, Berkeley. Her books include: Co-Motion: Situated Planetarities, Co-Formations and Co-Productions in Feminist and Queer Alliances, forthcoming, Duke University Press; Femminismi Queer Postcoloniali: critiche transnazionali all’omofobia, all’islamofobia e all’omonazionalismo (Queer Postcolonial Feminisms: Transnational Critiques of Homophobia, Islamophobia and Homonationalism), contributing co-editor with Laura Fantone, Verona, Italy: Ombre Corte, 2015; Gender in the Hindu Nation: RSS Women as Ideologues, India: Women Ink, 2004; Right-Wing Women: From Conservatives to Extremists around the World, contributing co-editor with Margaret Power, New York: Routledge, 2002; Textes du Mouvement Lesbien en France, 1970-2000 (Texts from the French Lesbian Movement, 1970-2000), co-editor with Claudie Lesselier, on DVD, self-published, 2011; and Global Racialities: Empire, Decoloniality and Post-Coloniality, co-edited with Sunaina Maira, forthcoming with Routledge. Professor Bacchetta has published about fifty academic journal articles and book chapters in many languages, on questions of gender, race, queer subjects, (de)colonialities, capitalism, political conflict, Islamophobia and social movements.
Collaborative Network: People and Partners
- Standford University Libraries
- WSD Handa Center for Human Rights and International Justice
Center for Human Rights Documentation & Research, Columbia University (Between 2013 – 2017)
Institute for the Study of Human Rights, Columbia University (Between 2013 – 2017)
International Human Rights Law Clinic, School of Law, University of California, Berkeley (Between 2013 – 2015)
International Human Rights and Conflict Resolution Clinic, Stanford University Law School (Between 2012-2014)
Regional and Diaspora Civil Society Organizations:
Apne Aap Women Worldwide (holding special consultative status with the Economic and Social Council, United Nations)
Asian Federation Against Involuntary Disappearances, Philippines
Asian Human Rights Commission, Hong Kong
Asian Legal Resource Center, Hong Kong (holding general consultative status with the Economic and Social Council, United Nations)
Indian American Muslim Council (Between 2012 – 2015)
South Asia Civil Society Organizations:
Association of Parents of Disappeared Persons, Jammu & Kashmir
- Citizen’s for Justice and Peace, Mumbai
- Khalra Mission Organization, Punjab (Between 2013-2015)
- Manipur Women Gun Survivors Network (Between 2012-2013)
- Prashant: Center for Human Rights, Justice, and Peace, Gujarat (Between 2013-2015)
- Roxanna Altholz, Assistant Clinical Professor of Law & Associate Director, International Human Rights Law Clinic, School of Law, University of California, Berkeley
- Betsy Apple, Advocacy Director, Open Society Justice Initiative, New York
- Rajvinder Singh Bains, Counsel, Punjab High Court and Haryana High Court
- Patrick Ball, Executive Director, Human Rights Data Analysis Group, San Francisco
- Elazar Barkan, Professor of International and Public Affairs, Director of SIPA’s Human Rights Concentration & Director of the Institute for the Study of Human Rights, Columbia University
- Homi K. Bhabha, Anne F. Rothenberg Professor of the Humanities in the Department of English & Director of the Humanities Center, Harvard University
- Jacqueline Bhabha, Professor of the Practice of Health and Human Rights, School of Public Health & Director of Research, François-Xavier Bagnoud Center for Health and Human Rights, Harvard University
- Akeel Bilgrami, Sidney Morgenbesser Professor of Philosophy and Professor, Committee on Global Thought, Columbia University
- Wendy Brown, Class of 1936 First Professor of Political Science, University of California, Berkeley
- Shashi Buluswar, Development and Human Rights Specialist and Founding Co-chair, Armed Conflict Resolution and People’s Rights Project, Center for Social Sector Leadership, Haas School of Business, University of California, Berkeley, from 2012-2015
- Urvashi Butalia, Author,Co-founder of Kali for Women, and Director of Zubaan, Delhi
- Judith Butler, Maxine Elliot Professor in the Departments of Rhetoric and Comparative Literature & Co-director of the Program of Critical Theory, University of California, Berkeley
- Richard M. Buxbaum, Jackson H. Ralston Professor Emeritus of International Law, School of Law, University of California, Berkeley
- Andrik Cardenas, Former Associate Director, Center for Social Sector Leadership, Haas School of Business, University of California, Berkeley
- Partha Chatterjee, Professor of Anthropology and of Middle Eastern, South Asian and African Studies, Columbia University
- Charlie Clements, Faculty, Harvard Humanitarian Initiativeand Former Executive Director (2009-2015), Carr Center for Human Rights Policy, Kennedy School, Harvard University
- David Cohen, Director, WSD Handa Center for Human Rights and International Justice at Stanford Global Studies, Stanford University, & Visiting Professor in the Graduate School, University of California, Berkeley; and Professor, William S. Richardson School of Law, University of Hawai`i
- Veena Das, Krieger-Eisenhower Professor, Department of Anthropology, Johns Hopkins University
- Malathi de Alwis, Visiting Professor, Faculty of Graduate Studies, University of Colombo
- Mihir Desai, Senior Counsel, Mumbai High Court and Supreme Court of India
- Laurel Fletcher, Clinical Professor of Law & Director of the International Human Rights Law Clinic, School of Law, University of California, Berkeley
- Bijo Francis, Executive Director, Asia Legal Resource Center, Hong Kong
- Meenakshi Ganguly, South Asia Director, Human Rights Watch
- Pamela M. Graham, Director, Center for Human Rights Documentation & Research and Director of Global Studies, Lehman Social Sciences Library, Columbia University
- Sam Gregory, Program Director, WITNESS, New York
- Inderpal Grewal, Professor, Women’s, Gender & Sexuality Studies, Yale University
- Thomas Bolm Hansen, Reliance-Dhirubhai Ambani Professor in South Asian Studies, Professor in Anthropology, and Director of Center for South Asia, Stanford University
- Parvez Imroz, Counsel, Jammu & Kashmir High Court and President, Jammu & Kashmir Coalition of Civil Society, Srinagar
- Abdul R. JanMohamed, Professor, Department of English, University of California, Berkeley
- Isfundiar Kasuri, Program Director, Justice Project Pakistan
- Mallika Kaur, Human Rights and Gender Specialist and Director of Programs, Armed Conflict Resolution and People’s Rights Project, Center for Social Sector Leadership, Haas School of Business, University of California, Berkeley, from 2012-2015
- Amitava Kumar, Helen D. Lockwood Professor of English, Vassar College
- Vinay Lal, Associate Professor of History, University of California, Los Angeles
- Harsh Mander, Director, Center for Equity Studies, Delhi
- Jaykumar Menon, Legal Expert and Professor of Practice, McGill University
- Ritu Menon, Writer, Co-founder of Kali for Women, and Publisher of Women Unlimited, Delhi
- Chandra Talpade Mohanty, Professor of Women’s and Gender Studies, Sociology, and the Cultural Foundations of Education & Dean’s Professor of the Humanities, Syracuse University
- Binalakshmi Nepram, Founder, Manipur Women Gun Survivors Network, Delhi and Manipur
- Khurram Parvez, Program Coordinator, Jammu & Kashmir Coalition of Civil Society, Srinagar
- Sudhir Pattnaik, Civil Society Leader and Editor of Samadrusti, a human rights news magazine, Bhubaneswar
- C. Ryan Perkins, South Asian Studies Librarian, Stanford University
- Jyoti Puri, Professor of Sociology, Simmons College
- Paul Rabinow, Professor of Anthropology, University of California, Berkeley
- Laura Ring, Cataloger and Southern Asia Librarian, University of Chicago
- Kathy Roberts, Legal Director, Center for Justice and Accountability
- Naomi Roht-Arriaza, Distinguished Professor of Law, University of California, Hastings College of the Law
- Richard Rudd, Sutter East Bay Medical Foundation, Berkeley
- Jeremy Sarkin, Professor of Law, University of South Africa and Distinguished Visiting Professor, Nova University Law School, Lisbon, Portugal & Former Chairperson of the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances
- Stefan Schmitt, Director, International Forensic Program, Physicians for Human Rights
- Kim Thuy Seelinger, Director, Sexual Violence Program, Human Rights Center, School of Law, University of California, Berkeley
- Shuddhabrata Sengupta, Artist, Curator, Raqs Media Collective, New Delhi
- Teesta Setalvad, Secretary, Citizens for Justice and Peace, Mumbai
- Dina Siddiqi, Professor, Anthropology Collective and Economics and Social Sciences Department, BRAC University, Dhaka
- Nora Silver, Faculty Director, Center for Social Sector Leadership, Haas School of Business, University of California, Berkeley
- Khatharya Um, Associate Professor and Coordinator, Asian American and Asian Diaspora Studies, Chair, Peace and Conflict Studies & Faculty Academic Director, Berkeley Study Abroad, University of California, Berkeley
Generously assisted by:
- Research Associates:
- Alejandro Urruzmendi, Doctoral Student, 2013-present: Department of Education, University of San Francisco | Expected 2018
- Pei Wu, Independent Scholar
Parvez Imroz is a Distinguished Scholar (non-resident), Political Conflict, Gender and People’s Rights Initiative at the Center for Race and Gender at University of California, Berkeley. Imroz is a Member of the Bar (Advocate) at the Jammu and Kashmir High Court and Founding President, Jammu Kashmir Coalition of Civil Society (JKCCS). Imroz has been working to secure human rights and equality before the law in Kashmir since the late 1980s. He has initiated and led formative campaigns for human rights in a context of impunity and grave rights violations: including gendered and sexualized violence, torture, rapes, enforced disappearances, and extrajudicial executions. Imroz has filed thousands of habeas corpus actions on behalf of families whose relatives have disappeared while in state custody. In 1994, he founded the Association of Parents of Disappeared Persons (APDP), which brings together hundreds of Kashmiri families whose members have been subjected to enforced disappearances. In 2008, Imroz and Angana Chatterji co-convened the International People’s Tribunal on Human Rights and Justice in Indian-administered Kashmir (IPTK) and its formative report is entitled: BURIED EVIDENCE: Unknown, Unmarked, and Mass Graves in Kashmir (2009). He is a contributing author of numerous reports, including: Structures of Violence (2012); Terrorized: Impact of Violence on the Children of Jammu and Kashmir (2018); and Torture: Indian State’s Instrument of Control in Indian Administered Jammu and Kashmir (2019). Imroz is a recipient of the Ludovic-Trarieux International Human Rights Prize by Human Rights Institute of The Bar of Bordeaux, France and the European Bar Human Rights Institute. In 2017, Imroz was awarded the Rafto Prize.
Christophe Jaffrelot, Senior Research Fellow at Centre d’Etudes et de Recherches Internationales at Sciences Po, Paris; Research Director at Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, and Professor of Indian Politics and Sociology at the India Institute, King’s College, London.
Khurram Parvez is a Distinguished Scholar (non-resident), Political Conflict, Gender and People’s Rights Initiative at the Center for Race and Gender at University of California, Berkeley. Parvez is Chairperson of the Asian Federation against Involuntary Disappearances and Program Coordinator, Jammu Kashmir Coalition of Civil Society and a human rights defender. Parvez was gravely injured in April 2004, when the vehicle he was travelling in during a fieldwork trip was hit in an IED explosion, leading to the death of two colleagues and the eventual amputation of his right leg. In 2007, his pioneering work with the International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL) led to the signing of the Unilateral Declaration of Mine Ban by the United Jehad Council, an amalgam of various militant organizations operating in India-Administered Kashmir. In 2006, Khurram received the Reebok Human Rights Award. From December 2005 to April 2006, Parvez was a Chevening Fellow at University of Glasgow, UK. In 2009, he participated in the United States Government’s International Visitors’ Leadership Program. In 2008, with Angana Chatterji and Parvez Imroz, Khurram Parvez was a founding member of the International People’s Tribunal on Human Rights and Justice in Indian-administered Kashmir (IPTK). He is a contributing author of numerous reports, including: BURIED EVIDENCE: Unknown, Unmarked, and Mass Graves in Kashmir (2009); Structures of Violence (2012); Terrorized: Impact of Violence on the Children of Jammu and Kashmir (2018); and Torture: Indian State’s Instrument of Control in Indian Administered Jammu and Kashmir (2019).
Dr. Angana Chatterji’s Testimony on Kashmir, 10/22/19, Dr. Angana Chatterji’s testimony before the U.S. Congressional Committee on Foreign Affairs, at the hearing titled “Human Rights in South Asia: Views from the State Department and the Region.” Find the testimony, appendices, and full proceedings here.
Conflicted Democracies and Gendered Violence: The Right to Heal, a research monograph released at the University of California, Berkeley, is a pioneering publication authored by an interdisciplinary and global collective of experts, and draws on work with women victim-survivors of conflict and mass violence in defining redress. Gendered and sexualized violence in internal conflict and social upheaval repeatedly mark the reality of several countries that otherwise function as political democracies. Applying the novel conception of the “right to heal,” this publication focuses on the world’s most populous democracy: India.
The publication carries a statement from Navanethem Pillay, United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, 2008-2014, and a foreword by Veena Das, Krieger-Eisenhower Professor of Anthropology, Johns Hopkins University. The 432-page monograph is edited by Angana P. Chatterji, Shashi Buluswar, and Mallika Kaur of the Armed Conflict Resolution and People’s Rights Project at UC Berkeley. The contributors to the monograph are Angana P. Chatterji, Mallika Kaur, Roxanna Altholz, Paola Bacchetta, Rajvinder Singh Bains, Mihir Desai, Laurel E. Fletcher, Parvez Imroz, Jeremy J. Sarkin, and Pei Wu.
PURCHASE publication as hard copy at University of Chicago Press.
Access to Justice for Women: India’s Response to Sexual Violence in Conflict and Mass Social Unrest is co-authored by the International Human Rights Law Clinic at Berkeley Law School and the Armed Conflict Resolution and People’s Rights Project. Access to Justice for Women: India’s Response to Sexual Violence in Conflict and Social Upheaval examines emblematic case examples from conflict zones and incidents of mass violence to understand how the Indian State responds to sexual violence against women and girls in these contexts. The goal of this Report is to analyze the efforts of women victims of sexual violence and their allies to access justice in these contexts and to identify emblematic ways the Indian legal system succeeded or failed to provide effective redress.
Majoritarian State: How Hindu Nationalism is Changing India, edited by Angana P. Chatterji, Thomas Boom Hansen, and Christophe Jaffrelot.
Majoritarian State traces the ascendance of Hindu nationalism in contemporary India. Led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the BJP administration has established an ethno-religious and populist style of rule since 2014. Its agenda is also pursued beyond the formal branches of government, as the new dispensation portrays conventional social hierarchies as intrinsic to Indian culture while condoning communal and caste- and gender-based violence.
The contributors explore how Hindutva ideology has permeated the state apparatus and formal institutions, and how Hindutva activists exert control over civil society via vigilante groups, cultural policing and violence. Groups and regions portrayed as ‘enemies’ of the Indian state are the losers in a new order promoting the interests of the urban middle class and business elites. As this majoritarian ideology pervades the media and public discourse, it also affects the judiciary, universities and cultural institutions, increasingly captured by Hindu nationalists. Dissent and difference silenced and debate increasingly sidelined as the press is muzzled or intimidated in the courts. Internationally, the BJP government has emphasised hard power and a fast- expanding security state.
This collection of essays offers rich empirical analysis and documentation to investigate the causes and consequences of the illiberal turn taken by the world’s largest democracy.
Contributors include Paola Bacchetta, Co-Chair, Political Conflict, Gender, and People’s Rights Initiative.
For more information, see here: https://www.hurstpublishers.com/book/majoritarian-state/